The Primary classroom is composed of children between the ages of 3 – 6 years. The mixed age group allows children to interact and learn from each other.
- Older children’s self-esteem is raised by helping the younger children.
- Younger children learn from the older children.
- Children develop an awareness of the needs of others.
Primary classrooms are specifically designed to focus on the individuality of each child in respect of their needs and talents, as opposed to the needs of the class as a whole. We foster the process of self-creation by providing an environment in which the child can develop independently at his or her own pace while still gaining those social, physical, intellectual and emotional skills needed to function at their best in society. Montessori believes that all children have within them their future self.
For them to develop to their utmost potential, freedom to choose activities within an environment especially designed to help them fulfill their needs is essential. The Montessori curriculum, techniques and materials satisfy the natural tendency for this age. Independence, coordination, order, and concentration are developed through the materials. The children learn through doing, experiencing the joy of individual discovery and mastery on their own terms, at their own speed. The Primary Montessori Program of education is divided into five major categories: Practical Life, Sensorial, Language, Math, and Culture. Included within these subject areas are geography, science, art and music. The Primary Montessori Program is based on the three-year cycle, with the third year serving as the culmination of the preparatory work during the first two years.
Overview of Primary Curriculum
The practical life exercises are the most important and beginning point in a Montessori environment. These are activities that provide real life experiences for the child. The exercises are designed to foster independence, self-confidence, self-esteem, and self control characteristics that play a critical role in subsequent intellectual growth. They support the “whole child” development-physical, mental and moral.
- To grow in self-knowledge
- To grow in independence
- To develop motor perception and perfect movement.
- To appreciate his/her culture
- To develop a sense of responsibility
- To develop power of concentration
- SMALL/LARGE MOTOR ACTIVITIES
- CARE OF THE ENVIRONMENT
- CARE OF SELF
- CARE OF PLANTS AND ANIMALS
- GRACE AND COURTESY
Children receive impressions through their senses from the moment of birth. Sensorial activities help the child become aware and develop his/her senses: smell, visual, auditory, tactile, and olfactory. The indirect aim of these materials is to build up the mathematic mind of the child, which seeks order, clarity and precision. These attributes help the child discriminate among impressions received by his/her senses at the unconscious stage of development.
- DEVELOPMENT OF THE SENSES
In the most creative period of early childhood, the language curriculum offers the child the keys to the world. Language lessons continue throughout the day in all curriculum areas and in all activities. The language curriculum is divided into three important components: pre-literacy, reading sequence, and writing sequence.
- DEVELOPMENT OF VERBAL LANGUAGE
- PREPARATION FOR WRITING
- PRE READING ACTIVITIES
- READING (PHONETIC)
- ADVANCED READING
A child learns basic components of order, shape, number, dimension and weight by using concrete materials. Later, by combining this equipment, separating it, counting it, and comparing it, the child can demonstrate to themselves the basic operations of arithmetic. These activities give the child the satisfaction of learning by discovery rather than by being told. Eventually the child develops an early enthusiasm for the world of numbers.
- NUMBERS TO 10
- DECIMAL SYSTEM
- TEENS AND TENS
- LINEAR COUNTING
The study of geography helps the child to understand the great laws of the universe and to give basic technical terms. Geography is the study of the earth on which man lives. History is the study of man through time. Geography involves learning about where I am in the universe, and history is learning who I am in the universe.
- GEOGRAPHY (GLOBE AND MAPS)
- HISTORY (TIME)
- SCIENCE (ANIMAL/PLANT)
- Creative arts, music and movement are also encouraged to express their creativity, explore their imagination, and encourage self-expression.
Science is a branch of study dealing with a body of facts or truths, systematically arranged and showing operations of general laws.
- To help the child get to know the world.
- To make order in the animal kingdom.
- To learn about the natural environment.
- Outside Play – 30 minutes, daily, in morning and afternoon. (weather permitting)
- PE classes – 30 minutes, weekly, in the gym for all children enrolled in our Full Time program.
- Movement in Circle
- Extracurricular Options
Children learn to solve conflicts on their own in a peaceful way.
The children learn to be respectful of all living things. All Primary classrooms have a designated outdoor area for gardening.